The year 2020 is etched in the history of humanity as a year of doom and gloom. However, the intrinsic adaptive and innovative nature of human beings has definitely paved way for our survival and the zeal to overpower the catastrophe.
Amidst this mayhem, books have been pivotal to letting our minds escape to a world beyond the confines of our four walls. Year 2020 has seen some noticeable works in Indian literature by the popular, established as well as some new authors. Their contributions range from capturing the essence of the literary world from past, present, and future with a layered chromatic canvas of the country and beyond.
We have tried to capture and compile some notable books in the bygone year that created an impact on all kinds of readers.
- Moustache by S Hareesh (Translated from Malayalam by Jayasree Kalathil):
Winner of the JCB Prize for Literature 2020, this fluently translated story is about a Dalit youth whose king-sized moustache, the star performer in a musical drama, assumes a life of its own and sets off on a marvellous, mythical journey through the watery world of Kuttanad.
- A Burning by Megha Majumdar
A propulsive debut novel whose plot revolves around a brazen act of terrorism in an Indian metropolis that lands an innocent young bystander in jail. The book essentially captures the timely story of fiery agony and about the ways power is wielded and manipulated to crush the marginalised in a country of democratic setup. The masterfully compressed story is designed in a thriller-like epic impression with a taut, propulsive, symphonic and riveting narrative.
- Djinn Patrol on the Purple Line by Deepa Anappara
A debut novel by an Indian journalist aims at probing the secrets of a big-city shantytown where a nine-year-old tries to unravel the mystery of his classmate’s disappearance. The protagonist living in the slums at the outskirts of an Indian city is deemed unremarkable until he turns detective to investigate the disappearance of his classmate. His inspirations derive from the television programs he devours. The book not only carries a detective flavour, but also portrays a powerful undercurrent of social commentary rising from the oppressive streets and ramshackle houses. A powerfully engaging narrative paces the readers through the dark underbelly of modern India.
- Fab Four: The Legend of Garuda by Srinivasan Gopalan
A mythological thriller set in the late 1980s towards the end of the Cold war period, ‘Fab Four: The Legend of Garuda’ is a quest of four people from various parts of the globe who are aligned on a mission to solve a murder mystery that could lead them to a lost treasure from the 16th century European explorer. The treasure trough being only a part of the prize, there is also an elixir developed by the last emperor of the medieval Indian kingdom which could possibly revoke the Lord Garuda. A beautiful blend of indigenous adventure, primeval relations, thrill and mystery, the book is gripping with a mythological backdrop.
- Red Pill by Hari Kunzru
A writer pursuing a fellowship at a study centre in Germany is forced to propel on a paranoid quest to expose the political evil he believes to be prevalent in the world. Rich with the insights on power and surveillance, this wonderful novel from the widely acclaimed author of ‘White Tears’, is a bold pursuit of order in a world that is immersed in the chaotic frames of madness.
- Amnesty by Aravind Adiga
The novel narrates the story of an undocumented immigrant in Sydney who is denied refugee status after fleeing from his native Sri Lanka. The choices that Danny, the protagonist makes and that weigh down heavily on his conscience leaves him dawdling between the rights and responsibilities and valuating the weight of his past and dreaming for a future despite the unpredictable and absurd reality. The story carries the signature wit of Aravind Adiga’s propulsive and insightful universal magic.
- A Dominant Character: The Radical Science and Restless Politics of JBS Haldane by Samanth Subramanian
Once famous as Einstein, Haldane, the British biologist and ardent communist helped synthesize Darwinian evolution. The book is a biography of JBS Haldane and has been selected as one of the 100 notable books of 2020 by The New York Times. “Subramanian’s elegant biography doubles as a timely allegory of the fraught relationship between science and politics,” the report said.
- Shortz series by Ravi Subramanian
A rapidly streamlined and plot-driven short and crisp thriller novel co-authored by Ravi Subramaniam and an incredible banker, provides a quick read experience to the readers. Ravi Subramanian’s debut novel “If God Was a Banker” has won the Golden Quill Readers’ Choice Award in 2008.
- The Pearl of Immortality by Nishi Chandermun
A perfect dose of layered mythology for the fantasy fans of all ages, the book ‘The Pearl of Immortality’ has a strict light versus dark dynamism from a world where sands of time come to life through a uniquely compelling epic illusory. An intriguing book that is bound to keep the readers hooked from start to finish.
- Klodop Asek’ik- The Drop of Tears by Atur Bey
An exquisite collection of modern poems in Kerbi, gathered from the prism of inner reflections of the poet, and compiled beautifully, ‘Klodop Asek’ik’ is drawn from the aspects of romance, patriotism, and love for parents. Using the natural elements like the Sun, Moon, Hills, Rivers, and Sky etc. and comparing them to the inner feelings gathered and expressed through the heart’s core, the poet Kerbi Bey has used an eclectic mix of words from the spheres of various expressions.
- Low by Jeet Thayil
This latest novel from the pen of an obscure poet, novelist, librettist and musician, Jeet Thayil, an author of Booker-shortlisted ‘Narcopolis’, is a blazing joyride through the dark lands of obliterated grief of the protagonist who escapes to Bombay in search of oblivion and a new drug after his wife’s death. Touring through the kaleidoscopic city defined by sleek lofty nest of high-capital and piss-stained lowly streets, the story is addictive and bereaving.
- Bahubali: Before the Beginning by Anand Neelakantan
A master storyteller and a bestselling author, Anand Neelakantan brings the revelations of the mystery in the ‘rise of Sivagami’, in his book ‘Bahubali: Before the Beginning’. The book compels the readers to delve into a compulsively spellbinding and gripping tale of power, revenge, betrayal, and intrigue.
- Like Blood on the Bitten Tongue: Delhi Poems by Akhil Katyal
‘Like Blood on the Bitten Tongue: Delhi Poems’, is a bittersweet collection of poems that beat the old-city’s heart that is inflexible and evolving, brazen and gentle, instinctive and mindless all at the same time. Akhil Katyal, arguably one of India’s most contemporary poets, has drawn a mix canvas of these dismal and bright poems brimming with empathy and sincerity. The cover artwork of the book is done by Vishwajyoti Ghosh.
- Jaipur Journals by Namita Gokhale
A book that forms a part love-letter and a part satire to the glitterati of attendees and the greatest literary festivity on earth, Namita Gokhale’s book ‘Jaipur Journals’ is an ode to the upcoming writers that makes space for ‘the pretensions and the pathos of the loneliest tribe of them all: writers”. The story is presented through multiple perspectives and it is set against the backdrop of vivacious Jaipur Literature Festival depicting tales of love and regret, self-doubt and new beginnings.
- Silent Murder by Nupur Luthra
In the quiet and coastal town of New York, hovers a deep secret that revolved around the central plot of the protagonist, Nick who has a perfect work-life balance of an eminent job at the White House and company of a beloved wife Bridget. However, a stark realization about his family and a looming suspense over a murder, leaves Nick with some startling questions which compels him to quest for answers. The book is a debut murder mystery and an intriguing read by the author Nupur Luthra who has authored four books in the genre of culture, romance, and politics.
- The Mahasiddha Field by Dwai Lahiri
From the mythical lands of Asuras and Devas, the book ‘The Mahasiddha Field’ perfectly explores the possibilities when seemingly distinct individuals are drawn into a world full of suspenseful action where mythology collides. A first in the new sci-fi and fantasy series, the book is a psychological-cum-spiritual thriller infused with the mystical elements of the Himalayas, astral communication, and supernatural sightings. The story is gripping to the core.
- Name, Place, Animal, Thing by Dariba Lyndem
The book is an interconnected collection of stories that are set against the backdrop of politically charged Shillong. The stories talk about the coming-of-age of a young woman and a city and community which she calls as home. Every chapter gently reveals the protestant to the protagonist as she transforms from the threshold of childhood to the precarious awareness of adulthood. The book meanders through the lives, setups, and timelines of the protagonist through an elegant examination of the porous boundaries of a child’s life and the adult world.
- Destination Wedding by Diksha Basu
The book narrates the story of the protagonist, Tina, who travels to Delhi to attend a lavish wedding because she wants to have an authentic Indian experience, and nonchalantly becomes a part of a world comprising of playboys and models, dating agencies exclusively for widows, wedding guests adorning personal guards and much more. Infused with warmth and charm, the novel brings a sparkling freshness from an author of the much-loved book The Windfall.
- Utopia Avenue by David Mitchell
David Mitchell’s novel ‘Utopia Avenue’ narrates the ‘unexpurgated story’ of the strangest British band Utopia Avenue. The story revolves around the street-riots, revolutions among the head of thugs and drugs, madness in love, sex, death, and art, and the families that we choose and the ones we don’t. Through the portrayal of the Faustian pact of fame and the wobbly ladder of stardom, the author poses an imminent question whether we can change the world in these turbulent times or whether the world changes us.
- Dots & Streaks by Ellora Mishra
A beautiful ensemble of meaningful proses that emanate from the experience, keen observation, and insightful musings of the author, ‘Dots & Streaks’ is a reflection of diverse aspects of life with a profound and splendid essence embedded in the poems.
A winner of The LIT Digital Awards 2020 by The Literary Mirror, the book presents some short poetic tales and life’s musings through crevices and creeks of pauses, reflections, and ruminations to take cognizance of life, by a debut author Ellora Mishra.
- Of Curses and Kisses by Sandhya Menon
The book is a desi-retelling of ‘The Beauty and the Beast’ which is set in a boarding school called St. Rosetta’s International Academy and narrates the story of a Princess Jaya Rao who is vexed with the sentiment of revenging on a loathsome Grey Emerson through the cupid’s strike. A book stamped with the name of The New York Times Bestselling author Sandhya Menon, is utterly delightful and joyously funny read.
- Ahalya: The Sati Series by Koral Dasgupta
Koral Dasgupta voices the character of Ahalya who was known to be cursed by her husband, Gautam, for indulging in a physical relationship with Indra. The first book in the Sati series, Ahalya bores through the questions that hinge around Ahalya’s truth, narrating her life that courses from innocence to infidelity, and reinvents these women with feminist consciousness with a modern context.
- A Bit of Everything by Sandeep Rainam
When violence overwhelms the quiet streets and the small-town familiarity of Vermull, nestled in the mighty Pir Mountains and the Jhelum River, there is no option left but to flee. In the sweltering summers of Delhi, Rahul, Doora, and their young son try to rebuild their memories around the deep longing for Kashmir. The fate is not done with them yet as Rahul has to flee again to England. As the struggle for him to survive the foreignness of England, choose between a rational intellect and a wounded exile, stumbling upon various relationships continues, a series of blasts in London brings him back to Kashmir again. The book lays bare the ill-effects of a land’s violence and how it tears apart the everyday lives of people dwelling there.
- Analog/Virtual and Other Simulations of Your Future by Lavanya Lakshminarayan
A skilfully crafted series of stories around a futuristic overview of an Apex city where technology is the key to survival, power is drawn from productivity, and self-engineering is vital to success. An extraordinary debut novel by Lavanya Lakshminarayan painfully sinks its teeth into this dystopian future that we may be dangerously close to inhering has been brilliantly and imaginatively presented that is bound to leave the readers contemplating.
- Fake Posh by Deepti Sharma
A short-story collection depicting another sense of self that co-breathes beside an ideal and real persona and which is more practical, profitable, and sustainable, ‘Fake Posh’ is an extraordinary read that punches you down with satirical tales inscribed in their own charm. The characters have been sketched through the canvas of relatability and thoughtful relevance to the storylines set in the contemporary times, making it easy for the readers to resonate with the emotions of the stories.
- Girl in White Cotton by Avni Doshi
Published in the UK as ‘Burnt Sugar’ and shortlisted for the Booker Prize 2020, ‘The Girl in White Cotton’ by Avni Doshi is an utterly compelling story portrayed through an unflinching realism and complex emotionally wrenching tale of a mother and her daughter that journeys through the everchanging memories, evolving identities, and exploring the subjective nature of truth. A surprisingly unsettling debut novel that will surprise you with its charm and precision.
- Bhairavi: The Runaway by Shivani Gaura Pant
An enigmatic woman-child in the dark caves of an ancient dense forest, with a beauty that beholds the power to move the most pious to sin, jumps from a moving train and lands in the biggest cremation ground and teams up with aghori sadhus. “Bhairavi: The Runaway’ is a splendid tale that spans through generations and reminisces with Gothic imagery telling the story of a woman’s life depicting her moral and mental resilience.
- Boy in a Blue Pullover by Ruskin Bond
The writer form the mountains weaves magic through this collection and springs to life the multifaced aspects of life from a place where people although do not possess the luxuries of life, but are satisfactorily living happily drawn from the bounty of nature and its abundance joy. A poor boy in blue pullover is one such happy soul who finds a coin and continues to contemplate on whether he should buy himself a buckle for his belt, there’s Rakesh who feels like a God on successfully growing a cherry tree in his grandfather’s garden and many more such stories that feel like a whiff of fresh air from the rolling hills.
- Insomnia: Army Stories by Rachna Bisht Rawat
Insomnia is a book that meanders through the olive-green world of army cantonments and presents the stories of a retired general who is haunted by the voices of dead men consisting of soldiers from two enemy nations from the freezing posts of Siachen, a young lieutenant dying in the jungles of Arunachal, a dark secret held by a Major and his men operating in Kashmir. All these stories focus on emotions of love, compassion, camaraderie, trauma, and horror around the uniformed men and women that is bound to delight and disturb the readers equitably.
- The Adventures of the JP Family by Radhika Acharya
From an adorable family of the JP family comprising of an affable husband, a homely wife, and their two boisterous sons, comes a laugh-riot of daily dose drawn from the anecdotes of everyday simple living of a contemporary middle-class Indian family. A fast-paced easy to read book with perfect comic timing and balanced measure of love, relatability, humour, and hilariously endearing characters.
- Legend of Suheldev by Amish Tripathi
India’s first literary popstar, Amish Tripathi, brings the story of a forgotten hero from an unforgettable battle of India where India’s northern regions have been weakened by repeated attacks of Mahmud Gazni and his barbaric hordes. King Suheldev who is the ruler of small kingdom, is willing to sacrifice his all to protect his motherland. An epic adventure of heroism and bravery, the story is a fictional narrative based on true events from a magnificent battle of Bahraich and a lionhearted warrior who stood to fight for his land.
- Girls of Mumbaistan by Piyush Jha
A captivating addition to the Mumbaistan series by an acclaimed director and a bestselling author of crime-fiction novels, Piyush Jha, ‘Girls of Mumbaistan’ is a triad of domestic-suspense packed with scheming secret characters and a plot with ample twists and turns to give the readers an edge-of-the-seat experience. The stories draw the readers deep into the hearts of Mumbaistan, a city of dreams for many, and that holds a symbolism to dark corners and hidden crime from the underbelly of the citylights.
- Mohini: The Enchantress by Anuja Chandramouli
Fractionated from the essence of Vishnu, Mohini the Enchantress is a fragment of him and yet revels in the autonomy and exceptional prowess in beauty, charm, and wielding mesmerism. An entity desired and adored by all in existence, is all set to elusively tantalize and traipse her way through the terrains of fable and myth. The setting is generated from a tumultuous celestial quest for immortality and creates an intriguing read. The author Anuja Chandramouli vividly brings the character of the Enchantress to life and compels the readers to dizzy through the extraordinary saga of Mohini through the sands of time skilfully untangling the drifts of tell tales, horrific truths around the quagmire of love, gender, lust, and desire.
- One Arranged Murder by Chetan Bhagat
Two amateur detectives Keshav and Saurabh set up an investigation agency and are all set to successfully solve a murder mystery that revolves around their personal interest. A gripping and unputdownable thriller from the bestselling author of the country, Chetan Bhagat is a story of friendship, love, family, and crime and which keeps the readers hooked throughout right from the start to finish.
- Reflections by Neha Chakravarthy
An anthology of 225 poems and a sequel to a previous book ‘Impressions’, the book ‘Reflections’ explores the diverse themes of love, heartbreaks, violence, abuse, betrayal, survival, oppression, womanhood and divinity. The poems instil a lesson of how one can become bold and resolute to stand against the adversities of life dawdling through the conundrums of joys and sorrows in equal measure. Simple poems that bloom delicately like flowers holding a rock-solid meaning at its core, aim at spreading the fragrance of hope, strength, courage, optimism, love, and divinity all around the world.
- Savitribai Phule and I by Sangeeta Mulay
At a time when social morality has become questionable amidst the gloom of the pandemic, ‘Savitribai Phule and I’ poses a much-desired timely intercession to all the readers and especially targeting the young adults, by bringing the story of a shy Indian Dalit girl from the confines of a deprived village and who chances upon a diary written by none other than Savitribai Phule, India’s first-generation feminist, social reformer, and first female teacher of the country. The book presents a detailed account of how the protagonist evolves from being a shy introvert to becoming a confident activist and feminist.
- In the Land of Narmada by Nettur Damodaran
A book essentially comprising of the journey of the author Nettur Damodaran in and around Madhya Pradesh, and presented in the form of a travelogue, has been a result of a project by the government. A financial aid from Kerala government has been assigned to the author for publishing the book. The author has tried to capture the essence of the tribal lives, mesmeric landscapes, historical events, periodical progress, background of the places, and every minute detail of his travel paced with the calm ebb and flow of the river Narmada and adjoining rivers and places around the majestic river.
- Fractured Mosaic by Sabarna Roy
The latest masterpiece released by critically-acclaimed bestselling author Sabarna Roy is a testament of his literary caliber along with the mastery in his craft. Fractured Mosaic is in essence a sequel to Sabarna Roy’s fifth literary work, titled: Random Subterranean Mosaic: 2012 – 2018. It is yet another kaleidoscope from Sabarna Roy’s arsenal that will take the readers to a mesmerizing whirlpool. Various works depicted in Fractured Mosaic have already been mostly published in reputed media houses of the country as musings of the author. These have been brought together in the form of a book for the benefit of the readers. After the raving hit of his earlier six masterpieces since 2010, Sabarna has been constantly writing in the format of a journal to imitate how the mind works in real life.
- Random Subterranean Mosaic: 2012-2018 by Sabarna Roy
The prequel to the Fractured Mosaic by Sabarna Roy is his fifth literary work. Random Subterranean Mosaic: 2012–2018 is a kaleidoscope of random, yet mysteriously structured to a pattern, fiction, semi-autobiographical, and autobiographical pieces, covering poems, short-shorts, opinions, observations, and conversations. Roy says: “All my life I have struggled to achieve an optimal lucidity in language and expression that is required to demystify the hidden self and selves and agendas. I hope, I have achieved this in a large measure in this book of mine!”
- Abyss by Sabarna Roy
Modern literature has witnessed the resurgence of plays. Gone are the days when just poetry collections and novels used to adorn our bookshelf. Abyss by Sabarna Roy is one such play which has been quite popular among the youths. Abyss is a full-length play in two acts with an interval in between. Essentially a racy crime thriller full of gritty suspense; the act builds up slowly to result in a crescendo of conflicts between personalities and ideas finally to end with an unnatural death before the interval. The readers are hung in the balance to declare it as a suicide or a murder? Act two evolves through a series of incisive interrogations to unravel the truth, which is deeply disturbing and affecting. As the play unfolds into a very well-crafted situational thriller, underneath is the debate about using land for agriculture or for industry, the ethics of a working author and the nexus of a modern state all wonderfully enmeshed into its storyline and the personal lives of its subtly etched out characters makes it quite an interesting read!
- Around The World Through My Lens by Jyoti Jha
In the times of the global pandemic when the world seemed to have confined to a living within the four-walls of our homes, author Jyoti Jha takes a dive into her memories and reminisces of some wonderful places from across the globe through the footprints, remembrances, and yearning to visit some known locations and a few offbeat ones, and presents them as a visual delight to the readers in the shape of a beautiful memoir drawn from her exceptional experiences with these destinations. A glimpse of some lovely locations from across the world with a touch of personal details and to keep the motivation high for exploring the world yet again, is most certainly likely to generate a feeling of ‘holy grail for travellers’ in the current times.
- Pentacles by Sabarna Roy
One more masterpiece by Sabarna Roy is a combination of one long story and four short poems, the work delightfully bridges the gap between the mundane and arcane writings of today and provides an interesting, yet intellectually stimulating, treat for the discerning reader. The thought-provoking views on issues like love and socio-economic conditions in India are interspersed in the whole work. Unshackled by the bonds of rhyme and meter, free verses evoke the stark reality of urban life, hitting you straight in the guts. The use of everyday urban imagery adds to the appeal of the compositions. The free verses sketch out their life story with its attendant pathos, poignancy and logic.
- Frosted Glass by Sabarna Roy
The never-ending love of youths for short stories is almost an open secret. And if this collection has the companionship of the poetry, it is needless to say that the charm of a masterpiece increases exponentially. Frosted Glass by the bestselling author Sabarna Roy is one such book. A collection of 14 stories and a poem cycle of 21 poems set in Calcutta raise contemporary issues like man-woman relationships and its strains, moral and ethics, environmental degradation, class inequality, rapid and mass-scale unmindful urbanization, are devoid of sentimentalization. The brilliant narrative and portrayal of betrayal in personal relationships makes the Frosted Glass quite an exciting prospect. The question of existence apart from other essential aspects makes it a better prospect of getting adapted into the visual form of art. The uniqueness of theme along with the relatability is surely a treat to the modern literature.
- The Palace of Illusions by Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni
The Palace of Illusions is a rendition of the Hindu epic Mahabharata as told from Draupadi’s viewpoint, namely, that of a woman living in a patriarchal world. The novel traces the princess Panchaali’s life, beginning with her birth in fire and following her spirited balancing act as a woman with five husbands who have been cheated out of their father’s kingdom.
- The Curse by Salma (Translated from Tamil by N Kalyan Raman)
Eight skilfully translated stories set in the domestic world of Muslim communities in rural Tamil Nadu. Besides the masterly craftsmanship, they are remarkable for the razor-sharp, uncompromising yet sympathetic exploration of women’s issues generally regarded as ‘messy’ — not merely emotions, but also bodies and bodily functions.
- The Broken Pendant by Dr Nalli Ramya
A smashing tale set in Teotihuacan pyramids, Mexico, and Houston, ‘The Broken Pendant’ by Dr. Nalli Ramya, is a complete fiction that revolves around the sentiments of friendship, humour, and love. When the protagonist of the story, a young Mark finds a grubby old diary in his attic, he is drawn toa world of haunted dreams, expedition of finding the mystery behind a broken pendant, and a chaos generated by the sequential events and occurrences.
- Winter Poems by Sabarna Roy
The poems contained in this collection, Winter Poems, by Sabarna Roy were inspired by the relatively mild season that prevails in Kolkata following the season of festivities, the Durga and Kali Puja, and portray myriad shades of human life. Some of them deal with the imaginations of death and home while still others the idea of loss and coming to terms with gradual wasting of life. Many aspects of human life and commonplace human impulses are examined and brought to life through a range of imaginations and varied metaphorical associations. The poems are sure to delight the readers and generate a whole range of emotions among them.
- Etchings of the First Quarter of 2020 by Sabarna Roy
A latest slim and elegant volume that consists of letters, ideas, conversations and poems, ‘Etchings of the First Quarter of 2020’ is a delightful read that explores the concepts of duality and consultancy of the author Sabarna Roy, with his daughter, as conversed over coffee and desserts. The topics ranging from Lolita to Marine conservation, and the poems depicting the alter-ego that leaves the readers both shocked and soothed at the same time compulsively allow the readers to delve into the emptiness and futility of life.
Two quotations from Sabarna Roy’s works will prove the above stated point: “a question leapt into his mind: is it possible to achieve true happiness by living a solitary life or is it important to lead a community life where one instinctively believes that one’s own desires are insignificant compared to the desires of others and one works towards fulfilment of their desires as if they are one’s own?” “many questions crossed his mind. Did he secretly crave to believe in God? Was he looking for a God to deflect his loneliness or was his loneliness actually a sense of pride, which was an obstruction between him and his God?” – Forbes India.
- The Infinite Road by Shefali Arora
A heartwarmingly beautiful story of the protagonist, Alunkrita who is strongly determined to carry the courage and attitude to overcome the obstacles imposed by the crossroads of life, and is all set to sort-out the life of a disabled girl from the streets of Chandigarh, ‘The Infinite Road’ by Shefali Arora is a cosy and fast-paced narrative of a battle between the past and present, and the choices of life. The story is enriched with the compassion of humanity and entails the strong sentiments of love, forgiveness, benevolence, and selflessness.
- Love in Modern Times by Nitish Raj
‘Love in Modern Times’ by Nitish Raj is a collection of short stories that provide an insight on the prevalent mindset and behavioural patterns of the young generation when it comes to the matters of love. The stories perfectly aligning with the central theme of the book, carefully depicts how the ‘so-called love’ has lost its way in the modern times. The simple, introspective, and expository narratives interestingly keep the readers engaged and compel them to contemplate on the degrading essence of love amongst the teenagers in these modern times.